Hotspots in the genomic architecture of field drought responses in wheat as breeding targets

Wheat can adapt to most agricultural conditions across temperate regions. This success is the result of phenotypic plasticity conferred by a large and complex genome composed of three homoeologous genomes (A, B, and D). Although drought is a major cause of yield and quality loss in wheat, the adaptive mechanisms and gene networks underlying drought responses in the field remain largely unknown. Here, we addressed this by utilizing an interdisciplinary approach involving field water status phenotyping, sampling, and gene expression analyses. Overall, changes at the transcriptional level were reflected in plant spectral traits amenable to field-level physiological measurements, although changes in photosynthesis-related pathways were found likely to be under more complex post-transcriptional control. Examining homoeologous genes with a 1:1:1 relationship across the A, B, and D genomes (triads), we revealed a complex genomic architecture for drought responses under field conditions, involving gene homoeolog specialization, multiple gene clusters, gene families, miRNAs, and transcription factors coordinating these responses. Our results provide a new focus for genomics-assisted breeding of drought-tolerant wheat cultivars.

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Field Value
Author Gálvez, Sergio
Last Updated August 7, 2019, 10:55 (UTC)
Created July 31, 2019, 16:29 (UTC)
Article Host Type publisher
Article Is Open Access true
Article License Type cc-by
Article Version Type publishedVersion
Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1007/s10142-018-0639-3 10.1007/s10142-018-0639-3
DFW Organisation JIC
DFW Work Package 1
DOI 10.1007/s10142-018-0639-3 10.1007/s10142-018-0639-3
Date Last Updated 2019-05-11T10:18:59.700343
Evidence open (via page says license)
Journal Is Open Access false
Open Access Status hybrid
PDF URL https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10142-018-0639-3.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s10142-018-0639-3