Sugar sensing responses to low and high light in leaves of the C4 model grass Setaria viridis

Abstract ABSTRACT :Although sugar regulate photosynthesis, the signalling pathways underlying this process remain elusive, especially for C4 crops. To address this knowledge gap and identify potential candidate genes, we treated Setaria viridis (C4 model) plants acclimated to medium light intensity (ML, 500 µmol m-2 s-1) with low (LL, 50 µmol m-2 s-1) or high (HL, 1000 µmol m-2 s-1) light for 4 days and observed the consequences on carbon metabolism and the transcriptome of source leaves. LL impaired photosynthesis and reduced leaf content of signalling sugars (glucose, sucrose and trehalose-6-phosphate). Contrastingly, HL strongly induced sugar accumulation without repressing photosynthesis. LL more profoundly impacted leaf transcriptome, including photosynthetic genes. LL and HL contrastingly altered the expression of HXK and SnRK1 sugar sensors and trehalose pathway genes. The expression of key target genes of HXK and SnRK1 were affected by LL and sugar depletion, while surprisingly HL and strong sugar accumulation only slightly repressed the SnRK1 signalling pathway. In conclusion, we demonstrate that LL profoundly impacted photosynthesis and the transcriptome of S. viridis source leaves, while HL altered sugar levels more than LL. We also present the first evidence that sugar signalling pathways in C4 source leaves may respond to light intensity and sugar accumulation differently to C3 source leaves.

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  • Name: Henry, Clémence, Type: Corresponding Author,
  • Name: Watson-Lazowski, Alexander, Type: Author,
  • Name: Oszvald, Maria, Type: Author,
  • Name: Griffiths, Cara, Type: Author,
  • Name: Paul, Matthew J, Type: Author,
  • Name: Furbank, Robert T, Type: Author,
  • Name: Ghannoum, Oula, Type: Author,
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DOI 10.1093/jxb/erz495
Date Last Updated 2021-03-22T16:56:20.772596
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