Population structure and genome-wide association studies in bread wheat for phosphorus efficiency traits using 35 K Wheat Breeder’s Affymetrix array

AbstractSoil bioavailability of phosphorus (P) is a major concern for crop productivity worldwide. As phosphatic fertilizers are a non-renewable resource associated with economic and environmental issues so, the sustainable option is to develop P use efficient crop varieties. We phenotyped 82 diverse wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) accessions in soil and hydroponics at low and sufficient P. To identify the genic regions for P efficiency traits, the accessions were genotyped using the 35 K-SNP array and genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed. The high-quality SNPs across the genomes were evenly distributed with polymorphic information content values varying between 0.090 and 0.375. Structure analysis revealed three subpopulations (C1, C2, C3) and the phenotypic responses of these subpopulations were assessed for P efficiency traits. The C2 subpopulation showed the highest genetic variance and heritability values for numerous agronomically important traits as well as strong correlation under both P levels in soil and hydroponics. GWAS revealed 78 marker-trait associations (MTAs) but only 35 MTAs passed Bonferroni Correction. A total of 297 candidate genes were identified for these MTAs and their annotation suggested their involvement in several biological process. Out of 35, nine (9) MTAs were controlling polygenic trait (two controlling four traits, one controlling three traits and six controlling two traits). These multi-trait MTAs (each controlling two or more than two correlated traits) could be utilized for improving bread wheat to tolerate low P stress through marker-assisted selection (MAS).

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  • Name: Soumya, Preman R., Type: Corresponding Author,
  • Name: Burridge, Amanda J., Type: Author,
  • Name: Singh, Nisha, Type: Author,
  • Name: Batra, Ritu, Type: Author,
  • Name: Pandey, Renu, Type: Author,
  • Name: Kalia, Sanjay, Type: Author,
  • Name: Rai, Vandana, Type: Author,
  • Name: Edwards, Keith J., Type: Author,
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Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1038/s41598-021-87182-2
DFW Organisation Bristol
DFW Work Package 3
DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-87182-2
Date Last Updated 2021-09-10T12:21:57.292213
Evidence oa journal (via doaj)
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Journal Is Open Access true
Open Access Status gold
PDF URL https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-87182-2.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87182-2