A novel approach to develop wheat chromosome-specific KASP markers for detecting <i>Amblyopyrum muticum</i> segments in doubled haploid introgression lines

ABSTRACTMany wild relative species are being used in pre-breeding programmes to increase the genetic diversity of wheat. Genotyping tools such as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based arrays and molecular markers have been widely used to characterise wheat-wild relative introgression lines. However, due to the polyploid nature of the recipient wheat genome, it is difficult to develop SNP-based KASP markers that are codominant to track the introgressions from the wild species. Previous attempts to develop KASP markers have involved both exome- and PCR-amplicon-based sequencing of the wild species. But chromosome-specific KASPs assays have been hindered by homoeologous SNPs within the wheat genome. This study involved whole genome sequencing of the diploid wheat wild relative Amblyopyrum muticum and development of a SNP discovery pipeline that generated ∼38,000 SNPs in single-copy wheat genome sequences. New assays were designed to increase the density of Am. muticum polymorphic KASP markers. With a goal of one marker per 60 Mbp, 335 new KASP assays were validated as functional. Together with assays validated in previous studies, 498 well distributed chromosome-specific markers were used to recharacterize previously genotyped wheat-Am. muticum doubled haploid (DH) introgression lines. The chromosome specific nature of the KASP markers allowed clarification of which wheat chromosomes were involved with recombination events or substituted with Am. muticum chromosomes and the higher density of markers allowed detection of new small introgressions in these DH lines.Key MessageA novel methodology to generate chromosome-specific SNPs between wheat and its wild relative Amblyopyrum muticum and their use in the development of KASP markers to genotype wheat-Am. muticum introgression lines.

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  • Name: Grewal, Surbhi, Type: Corresponding Author,
  • Name: Coombes, Benedict, Type: Author,
  • Name: Joynson, Ryan, Type: Author,
  • Name: Hall, Anthony, Type: Author,
  • Name: Fellers, John, Type: Author,
  • Name: Yang, Cai-yun, Type: Author,
  • Name: Scholefield, Duncan, Type: Author,
  • Name: Ashling, Stephen, Type: Author,
  • Name: Isaac, Peter, Type: Author,
  • Name: King, Ian P., Type: Author,
  • Name: King, Julie, Type: Author,
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Article Host Type repository
Article Is Open Access true
Article License Type cc-by
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Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1101/2021.09.29.462370
DFW Organisation Nottingham
DFW Work Package 3
DOI 10.1101/2021.09.29.462370
Date Last Updated 2022-08-07T13:25:10.555213
Evidence oa repository (via page says license)
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Journal Is Open Access false
Open Access Status green
PDF URL https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2021/10/01/2021.09.29.462370.full.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.09.29.462370