Effectiveness of using representative subsets of global climate models in future crop yield projections

AbstractRepresentative subsets of global climate models (GCMs) are often used in climate change impact studies to account for uncertainty in ensemble climate projections. However, the effectiveness of such subsets has seldom been assessed for the estimations of either the mean or the spread of the full ensembles. We assessed two different approaches that were employed to select 5 GCMs from a 20-member ensemble of GCMs from the CMIP5 ensemble for projecting canola and spring wheat yields across Canada under RCP 4.5 and 8.5 emission scenarios in the periods 2040–2069 and 2070–2099, based on crop simulation models. Averages and spreads of the simulated crop yields using the 5-GCM subsets selected by T&P and KKZ approaches were compared with the full 20-GCM ensemble. Our results showed that the 5-GCM subsets selected by the two approaches could produce full-ensemble means with a relative absolute error of 2.9–4.7% for canola and 1.5–2.2% for spring wheat, and covers 61.8–91.1% and 66.1–80.8% of the full-ensemble spread for canola and spring wheat, respectively. Our results also demonstrated that both approaches were very likely to outperform a subset of randomly selected 5 GCMs in terms of a smaller error and a larger range.

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  • Name: Qian, Budong, Type: Corresponding Author,
  • Name: Jing, Qi, Type: Author,
  • Name: Cannon, Alex J., Type: Author,
  • Name: Smith, Ward, Type: Author,
  • Name: Grant, Brian, Type: Author,
  • Name: Semenov, Mikhail A., Type: Author,
  • Name: Xu, Yue-Ping, Type: Author,
  • Name: Ma, Di, Type: Author,
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Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1038/s41598-021-99378-7
DFW Organisation RRes
DFW Work Package 1
DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-99378-7
Date Last Updated 2022-09-16T14:51:54.551695
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Journal Is Open Access true
Open Access Status gold
PDF URL https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-99378-7.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-99378-7