CropSurveyor: a scalable open-source experiment management system for distributed plant phenotyping and IoT-based crop management

Background:High-quality plant phenotyping and climate data lay the foundation of phenotypic analysis as well as genotype-by-environment interactions, which is important biological evidence not only to understand the dynamics between crop performance, genotypes, and environmental factors, but also for agronomists and farmers to monitor crops in fluctuating agricultural conditions. With the rise of Internet of Things technologies in recent years, many IoT-based remote sensing devices have been applied to phenotyping and crop monitoring that generate big plant-environment datasets every day; however, it is still technically challenging to calibrate, annotate, and aggregate big data effectively, especially when they were generated in multiple locations, and often at different scales.Findings:CropSurveyor is a PHP and SQL based server platform, which provides automated data collation, storage, device and experiment management through IoT-based sensors and distributed plant phenotyping workstations. It provides a two-component solution for monitoring biological experiments and networked devices, with interfaces specifically designed for distributed IoT devices and centralised data servers. Data transfer is performed automatically though an HTTP accessible RESTful API installed on both device-side and server-side of the CropSurveyor system, which synchronise daily representative crop growth images for quick and visual-based crop assessment, as well as detailed microclimate readings for GxE studies. CropSurveyor also supports the comparison of historical and ongoing crop performance whilst different experiments are being conducted.Conclusions:As an open-source experiment and data management system, CropSurveyor can be used to maintain and collate important crop performance and microclimate datasets captured by IoT sensors and distributed phenotyping installations. It provides near real-time environmental and crop growth monitoring in addition to historical and current data comparison through a single cloud-ready server system. Accessible both locally in the field through smart devices and remotely in an office using a PC, CropSurveyor has been used in wheat field experiments for prebreeding since 2016 and has the potential to enable scalable crop management and IoT-style agricultural practices in the near future.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Author Reynolds, Daniel
Last Updated August 7, 2019, 10:53 (UTC)
Created July 31, 2019, 16:30 (UTC)
Article Host Type publisher
Article Is Open Access true
Article License Type
Article Version Type publishedVersion
Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1101/451120
DFW Organisation EI
DFW Work Package 4
DOI 10.1101/451120
Date Last Updated 2019-05-11T19:07:37.878038
Evidence open (via free pdf)
Journal Is Open Access false
Open Access Status bronze
PDF URL https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/10/30/451120.full.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1101/451120