The vesicular trafficking system component MIN7 is required for minimizing Fusarium graminearum infection

Plants have developed intricate defense mechanisms, referred to as innate immunity, to defend themselves against a wide range of pathogens. Plants often respond rapidly to pathogen attack by the synthesis and delivery of various antimicrobial compounds, proteins and small RNA in membrane vesicles to the primary infection sites. Much of the evidence regarding the importance of vesicular trafficking in plant-pathogen interactions comes from the studies involving model plants whereas this process is relatively understudied in crop plants. Here we assessed whether the vesicular trafficking system components previously implicated in immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana play a role in the interaction with Fusarium graminearum, a fungal pathogen notoriously famous for its ability to cause Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease in wheat. Among the analyzed vesicular trafficking mutants, two independent T-DNA insertion mutants in the AtMin7 gene displayed a markedly enhanced susceptibility to F. graminearum. Earlier studies identified this gene, encoding an ARF-GEF protein, as a target for the HopM1 effector of the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, which destabilizes AtMIN7 leading to its degradation and weakening host defenses. To test whether this key vesicular trafficking component may also contribute to defense in crop plants, we identified the candidate TaMin7 genes in wheat and knocked-down their expression through Virus induced gene silencing. Wheat plants in which TaMIN7 were silenced displayed significantly more FHB disease. This suggests that disruption of MIN7 function in both model and crop plants compromises the trafficking of innate immunity signals or products resulting in hyper-susceptibility to various pathogens.One sentence summaryDisruption of an ARF-GEF protein encoding gene AtMin7 in Arabidopsis thaliana and silencing of the orthologous gene in wheat result in hyper susceptibility to the fungal pathogen Fusarium graminearum.

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  • Name: Machado Wood, Ana K., Type: Corresponding Author,
  • Name: Panwar, Vinay, Type: Author,
  • Name: Grimwade-Mann, Mike, Type: Author,
  • Name: Ashfield, Tom, Type: Author,
  • Name: Hammond-Kosack, Kim E., Type: Author,
  • Name: Kanyuka, Kostya, Type: Author,
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Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1101/2020.03.16.994095
DFW Organisation RRes
DFW Work Package 2
DOI 10.1101/2020.03.16.994095
Date Last Updated 2020-09-30T05:57:24.422370
Evidence oa repository (via page says license)
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PDF URL https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2020/03/18/2020.03.16.994095.full.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.16.994095